In order to understand the history of this area one should visit sites like the Roselle archaeological area and the Vetulonia Archaeological Park where the citadel of one of the most important Etruscan cities was built and where the burial ground, with its princely tombs and Etruscan-Roman city ruins, can still be visited.
The “Citta del Tufo” Archaeological Park and the Sovana, Sorana and Vitozza areas are home to the region's significant historic, cultural and natural heritage. Evidence of the Etruscan period, including tombs and burial grounds, can still be seen in these areas today. This whole area can be discovered on horseback or on foot with tours along the Vie Cave Etrusche which finish in the breath-taking countryside of Pitigliano (the “little Jerusalem”). Here the ancient ghetto remains intact with the old synagogue and bread ovens providing evidence of Jewish settlements. In this unique area, the volcanic prehistoric climate and years of erosion have created beautiful volcanic rocks, on which stand old villages with their fortifications, castles, medieval churches and renaissance palaces.
You must take time to explore the wide network of local museums and the surrounding area (Massa Marittima, Monterotondo Marittimo, Roccastrada and Follonica). These all offer historical and artistic evidence that also exposes the work of man below ground through archaeological mining tours in the Parco delle Colline Metallifiere that extend right up to the edges of Mount Amaita and the cinnabar mines of Santa Fiore.