The extraordinary Resurrection in the Palazzo dei Conservatori, historically Sansepolcro’s town hall and now the Civic Museum, is an example of the perfect combination of art and science. In the fresco, the figure of Christ is at the center of the scene, facing the viewer, strong and solemn: it's Christ who triumphs over the darkness of the tomb and the ignorance of men, which is both a civic symbol and a sacred icon. The contemporary writer Aldous Huxley called it “the most beautiful painting in the world.”
During the 1460s and 70s, della Francesca was heavily involved in court life in Urbino, especially with Duke Federigo Montefeltro, who commissioned the artist to create what are now some of his most famous works: the Double Portrait of the Duke and Duchess of Urbino (Uffizi Gallery, Florence) and the famous Flagellation (National Gallery of Marche, Urbino).
The artist went blind in his final years and died in Sansepolcro on October 12, 1492.