In a dark world, made up of kilometres of tunnels connected by burners, winzes and slants, the visitor will learn methods of perforation and extraction techniques, as well as be completely engaged in the miner’s unique world. In Massa Marittima, the cornerstone of one of the most important extraction sites of the Metalliferous Hills, its ancient mine inside the travertine hill, located above the town’s historic centre, was partially converted for touristic and educational purposes (guided tour – 1 hour).
A few kilometres from the Gulf of Follonica, on the peaks of Mount Calvo, one of the most important pyrite mines was still active until a few decades ago, now converted into the Gavorrano Park, which is organised into two large archaeological-mine complexes: the Ravi-Marchi extraction area (one hour itinerary / 600 m trail) and the Parco delle Rocce ( one hour / 800 m), including the Tunnel Museum (1 hour / 300 m) and the Theatre, an enchanting semi-circular quarry used for performances in the summer.
On Isola d’Elba, for once we suggest you put aside the images of sunny beaches and crystal-clear waters to retrace, with a tour guide, the unknown itinerary of the Mineral Park.
The serene atmosphere surrounding Mount Amiata, due to its villages’ simplicity and the generosity of its nature, doesn’t distract the visitor from the parallel reality of the mineral deposits exploited for the extraction of cinnabar. Mining and the working of cinnabar, employed since Etruscan times, ceased in 1973 with the closure of one of the biggest mining sites of mercury in the world, located in Siele. Tunnels, wells and the processing plant were reclaimed and adapted for visitors by means of an itinerary that allows them to cross the Pigelleto Piancastagnaio Nature Reserve to reach the mining village.