We move to the province (and diocese) of Livorno to visit one of the most holy of hills in the entire area, home to the Sanctuary of Montenero, where the Virgin Mary is the Patron Saint of the Region. The origins of the sanctuary date to the Pentecost in 1345, when, according to legend, a poor, crippled shepherd found a miraculous image of Mary and, following an intuition, brought it to the hill, then known as a refuge for outlaws and thus considered dangerous, a “devil’s mountain”. Regardless of the myths surrounding the story of its discovery, it seems that the icon appeared in Montenero following a renewal of fervid religious sentiment around 1341. That year, the locals in Livorno, which was little more than a village at that point in time, organized an independent cult of worship in honour of sacred images, but it was opposed by the ecclesiastic authorities. It’s possible that in the face of this hostility, the image was hidden and later rediscovered near the riverbed of the Ardenzo river by that legendary shepherd that brought it to the top of the mountain, where it came under the protection of some hermits.