Vicopisano is a magnificent medieval village, which every day has a tale to tell about its fascinating, millennia-old history.
The town enjoys a strategic position in the province of Pisa, lying as it does between the river Arno and Monte Pisano. Its location, not to mention the archaeological finds that it has thrown up, pin its origins to Etruscan and Roman settlements, as is the case with the nearby hamlets of Cucigliana, Lugnano and Caprona. During the medieval period, all of these mountainside villages assumed a great importance in Pisa's political and economic life, and Vicopisano was no different. They served the territory as defensive bulwarks, and at the same time as centres of the Pisan aristocracy's estates.
Though their military and strategic importance waned after the Florentine conquest, the most noble families still continued to invest in these places. Their fertile countryside provided the ideal backdrop to their sumptuous residential villas.