Northern Maremma is filled with evocative landscapes, each different from the rest: from the oak forests in the inland to the typical Mediterranean scrub to the coast, characterized by white sand beaches and a crystal-clear sea, and, forming the perfect backdrop, a green and dense pine grove.
Amongst the most well-known towns, there are Follonica, a favourite for family holidays thanks to the shallow seabed, and Castiglione della Pescaia, chosen by holiday goers looking for a bit of sun and relaxation. There are also many beaches worth visiting, some of which are particularly enjoyable for their scenery: one of these is Cala Violina, near Scarlino, reached via a dense pine grove.
The inland areas are the perfect background to the crystal-clear waters of the sea: there’s a wealth of options for visitors who appreciate the traditions and atmospheres of typical Tuscan villages. One of these is Massa Marittima, with its two extraordinary monuments: the Cassero and the cathedral, which stand tall in the stunning piazza. There are also Monterotondo Marittimo, Montieri, Roccastrada and Gavorrano.
This area has also been a mining centre since Antiquity, affecting the very landscape and making it stand out. The Etruscans were particularly adept at mining these underground resources, which we know thanks to the ruins of ancient kilns and mines that can be found along the coast of the Gulf of Follonica, in the area around the Metalliferous Hills and, of course, in the archeological area in Vetulonia, one of the 12 most important Etruscan cities.
The earth’s resources can be seen everywhere in this area, including at the Colline Metallifere Grossetane National Park, distinguished by UNESCO as a Geopark thanks to the opportunity it provides for visitors to learn more about the history of mining and metallurgy, which have characterized this area for more than 3,000 years. Visitors can also go to the MAGMA in Follonica, a museum dedicated to the art of iron casting in the Maremma.
This land is also full of energy, which emerges with all its force in Monterotondo and the Le Biancane Nature Reserve, home to geothermal phenomena like fumaroles, geysers and springs pumping out high-temperature waters.
The nature in this area is both rugged and rich, as can be seen in the area’s agricultural production, which is highlighted by the Monteregio Wine Trail, an interesting journey of flavour through farms and vineyards.